Resettlement (displaced person)

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The transportation of a person or persons (as a family or community) for relocation at a different settlement (as after some kind of upheaval). The term resettlement includes:

  1. the relocation of living quarters;
  2. finding and engaging in acceptable new employment for those whose jobs are lost or severely
  3. affected;
  4. restoration (or compensation, as necessary) of affected productive resources, including land, workplaces, trees and infrastructure;
  5. restoration of other adverse effects on affected persons’ living standards (quality of life) through
  6. adequate land acquisition for affected persons and communities;
  7. restoration of, or compensation for affected private and public enterprises;
  8. restoration of adversely affected persons on cultural or common property, as appropriate.[1]

Resettlement forms an integral part of reparation for victims of gross violation of housing rights and victims of grave breaches of humanitarian law that result in displacement. Thus, resettlement is closely linked to the other forms of redress that constitute the legally defined elements of reparation: restitution, return, compensation, rehabilitation, satisfaction and guarantees of nonrepetition. No single one of the six elements of reparation can substitute for another form. (See "Reparation,” "Compensation,” "Guarantees of nonrepetition,” "Rehabilitation,” "Return (right of),” "Restitution” and "Satisfaction” in this list of terms.)


[1] Objectives of Resettlement Plan and Definition of Resettlement Terminology, at:

http://209.225.62.100/Documents/Resettlement_Plans/PRC/Ningxia/ningxia_chap01.pdf.

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