Jerusalem

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The largest city and traditional capital of Palestine. UNGA resolution 181 recommended that Jerusalem was to come under an international regime, a corpus separatum. This legal status has been confirmed internationally in the formal reaffirmation by the European Union in 2000. However, Israel conquered and occupied the western part of Jerusalem in 1948, incorporating the then-occupied city into the state as its capital. (The international community generally rejects that under the international law doctrine of the unacceptability of the acquisition of territory by force, recognizing instead Tel Aviv as the capital of Israel. When Israel conquered the rest of the city (East Jerusalem) in the 1967 War, Israel pursued Jewish settlement of the area and applied Israeli domestic law to the area in 1981, thereby “annexing” it (“annexed Jerusalem”). The international community, including the Security Council has formally rejected this Israeli-acclaimed annexation as a violation of international law.