With the establishment of the state of Israel, Jewishness became the official factor determining national identity. The LoR, passed in 1950, declared that all Jews, wherever they reside in the world, have the right to immigrate and acquire Israeli citizenship. This ‘ethnocracy’ as Oren Yiftachel called it, is the only such regime in the world. Linked to this LoR is what later developed and became known as the ‘Birthright’ movement, which is increasingly being disowned by many young Jews, especially in the US, who are now waking up to the racist nature of these programs. This is a measure that neatly falls under what Amal Jamal, Prof. of Political Science at Tel Aviv University calls ‘Constitutionalizing sophisticated Racism’. This brief will focus on the LoR, and explain why it has to be repealed if Israel is to become a normal state.
Collective punishment, such as house demolitions is a war crime. Israel continues the policy of house demolitions in the West bank, and in Israel itself. But only houses of Palestinians are demolished. Houses of Jewish citizens of Israel, or of Jewish settlers residing illegally in the oPT, never are. This brief will show the roots of this policy going back to British colonialism in Palestine, (1920-1948) and how Israel conveniently continued that policy. It will also document some cases (like Araqeeb in Israel and others in the oPT), with a view of publicizing them and where possible make short videos or documentaries for links on the website. The brief will benefit from reports of Israeli human rights organizations that monitor house demolitions, such as the Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions (ICAHD) (a group opposed to Israeli settlements, founder Jeff Halper) and others like B’Tselem. The paper will look into all forms of collective punishment tactics, name them, follow up on them and provide the necessary statistics. This is like the apartheid ‘tool kit’.
As the voice of criticism of the Israeli apartheid practices towards the Palestinians grows, so does the mainstream definition of antisemitism. The definition of antisemitism has been broadened enough to include all forms of criticism towards Israel. While in principle, antisemitism is a charge against Jews, while anti-Zionism is a charge about Israel’s behavior as a nation-state, and not about Jews. The conflation of both is a near-complete evaporation of critical debate on the subject of Israel, Zionism or even antisemitism itself. Furthermore, it forces all Jews to be involuntarily attached with Israel itself. The paper will dig deeper into the definitions of both, the differences, the dangers to Jews, Palestinians and other non-Jews and the consequences of conflating the two terms for the struggle against Israeli apartheid.
Seam zones are areas within the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) which have been isolated as a result of the constructions of the illegal Israeli Apartheid Wall, with their location falling in-between the Wall and the 1949 Armistice Line (The Green Line). These pieces of land have been designated by Israel as closed military areas. As a result, Palestinian access to these isolated areas is severely restricted and subjected to an Israeli-controlled permit regime. Statistics suggest that approximately 50,000 Palestinians live in 57 communities within these so-called seam zones. This paper highlights the case of Palestinians in seam zones as a clear demonstration of the mistreatment and violation of Palestinian human rights based on racial classification imposed by the Israeli apartheid regime.